Navajo Indian Irrigation Project (NIIP)
In 1938, the Rio Grande Compact was signed between the States of New Mexico, Colorado, and Texas for a trans-mountain diversion that would flow water from San Juan River to the Rio Grande Basin. On the contrary, the Navajo people have water rights to a sizable claim of the San Juan River.
After years of negotiation with the United States and the State of New Mexico, the Navajo Tribal Council approved to reduce their claim of 100,000 acre-feet of water from the San Juan River for the San-Juan Chama Diversion.
In exchange, the federal government guaranteed a system to deliver 508,000 acre-feet of water on an annual basis to 110,630 acres of farm land, which would be known as the Navajo Indian Irrigation Project (NIIP).
In 1964, NIIP began with the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) responsible for construction, operation and maintenance. The BIA contracted the Bureau of Reclamation (BOR) to plan, design and construct NIIP.
By 1976, the San Juan-Chama Diversion was completed; while the NIIP is currently 70% constructed. To date, the Navajo people continue to vehemently lobby with the U.S. Government for the completion of NIIP.
Navajo Agricultural Products Industry (NAPI)
On April 16, 1970, Navajo Agricultural Products Industry (NAPI) was created by the Navajo Tribal Council to utilize the water provided through NIIP. The Navajo leadership envisioned that the enterprise would be an economic success and provide opportunities for the Navajo People.
Using a skilled Navajo workforce and our natural resources, NAPI has successfully created a system and infrastructure to provide high quality agricultural products and goods to a national and global marketplace. The customers of NAPI can rely on superior products, service, and attention.
NAPI is one of the most significant tribal enterprises of the Navajo Nation making the farm a valued member of the New Mexico community. NAPI contributes more than $30 million annually into the Four Corners economic base.
Additionally, NAPI offers support, guidance, and financial assistance for higher-level education and advancement training opportunities for those who pursue an interest in agriculture, business, and engineering.
In the Navajo tradition, the land is sacred and the water is holy; both should be cared for to ensure the livelihood of future generations. The interface of NAPI and NIIP is in fulfillment of that traditional teaching.